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Model Horse Glossary
Glossary of Model
COA - Certificate of
These abbreviations and terms are
frequently used within the
model horse collecting hobby. If you have a term you'd like to add, or would
like to see a more detailed explanation, please
- Showcased the work of
four American artists. All six models are portraits of famous real horses.
The series is smaller than the usual traditional model at 1:10 scale.
- ASB - American Saddlebred
- ASHF -
Action Stock Horse Foal
- BF - BreyerFest
- Bloated. A model that has expanded like a balloon, becoming rounder and losing
definition. Likely due to too much exposure to heat.
- BMHR - Breyer Model Horse Registry.
Now closed. See
- Body - A model that has been badly
scratched or broken and is considered good only for repainting or
- Annual live show and model
horse celebration sponsored by Breyer. One of a kind and special run models
are made available to attendees of this large, fun event.
See Special Events page for
Brick and Mortar - Breyer
who have a physical location, i.e. a store. Breyer dealers who sell only
over the Internet do not qualify. You can find a store here:
- CAF -
Classic Arabian Foal
- CAM -
Classic Arabian Mare
- CAS -
Classic Arabian Stallion
- CE - Commemorative Edition
- Certificate of Authenticity -
A piece of paper
included with many Limited Edition and Connoisseur Models that confirms that
the model is indeed a limited edition. Models complete with COA generally
sell for more than a similar model without.
Breyer model with a painted white base coat or made from an opaque white
plastic that does not absorb paint well, leading to a similar look. Chalky
models appear very white in unpainted areas and have paint that seems to sit
on top of the plastic or base coat, rather than absorbed into it.
- CM - customized model
- COA - Certificate of Authenticity.
Commemorative Edition - A model
issued for a single year in a limited number. Each model
was serially numbered by hand.
- Conga -
A collection of models in the
same mold. The term refers to how certain molds, when lined up one after
another, look like they're dancing in a conga line.
- a Traditional model available only
to subscribers of Breyer's Just
About Horses magazine. Highly detailed and produced in a very limited
run of 350 models, these models are considered highly collectible.
Dappled blue. Glossy, with white manes and tails as well as white leg and
face markings. See the Decorators Page for
- Cull - A
model that became flawed/damaged on the production line and
was disposed of. These unfinished models sometimes leave the
factory with employees and then are found by collectors.
Different from a Test or
One of a Kind model and usually of little value save as
a curiosity. See sample below.
- Cust - Customized model
- A model that has been repainted and
possibly reshaped from the original manufacturer's
condition. See the Customizing page
- CWP -
Cantering Welsh Pony
Unrealistic colors including Gold Charm,
Florentine and, more recently, Silver Filigree and
Bronze. Made largely but not exclusively in the 1960s, these models are
considered highly collectible.
- Disc - Discontinued or retired. A model no longer being produced by Breyer. May
still be available through retailers for some time.
- Equine Land Conservation Resource,
which saves land for horses and horse-related activities. Breyer donates a
portion of the sales of each ELCR model to this organization.
- FAF -
Family Arabian Foal
- FAM -
Family Arabian Mare
- FAS -
Family Arabian Stallion
Dappled gold. Glossy with white manes and tails, along with white leg and
facial markings. See the Decorators page for
G1 - The first generation (set of molds) in the
Stablemates scale. They first appeared in the 1970s and were based on models
from Hagen-Renaker. The molds
are: Arabian Mare, Arabian Stallion, Citation, Draft Horse, Morgan Mare,
Morgan Stallion, Native Dancer, Quarter Horse Mare, Quarter Horse Stallion,
Saddlebred, Seabiscuit, Silky Sullivan, Swaps, Thoroughbred Lying Foal,
Thoroughbred Mare, Thoroughbred Standing Foal.
- G2 - The second generation/set of
Stablemates, released in 1998 and 1999 and sculpted by Kathleen Moody and
Sarah Rose. The
molds are: American Saddlebred, Andalusian, Appaloosa, Arabian (Rearing),
Cantering Foal, Clydesdale, Morgan (Prancing), Mule, Paso Fino, Scrambling
Foal, Scratching Foal, Shetland Pony, Thoroughbred, Trotting Foal,
- G3 - The third generation/set of
Stablemates, released between 2005 and 2007 and sculpted by Jane Lunger. The
molds are: Andalusian, Arabian, Cantering Stock Horse, Cantering Warmblood,
Friesian, Highland Pony, Lying Foal, Mustang, Peruvian Paso, Standing Foal,
Standing Stock Horse, Standing Thoroughbred, Tennessee Walking Horse,
- Glossy -
Model with high-gloss, shiny finish.
The gloss is applied over the models base color.
Gold Charm - A
solid, metallic gold with white manes and tails. Also have socks or
stockings and some white facial markings. See the Decorators page for examples.
- Goldie Oldie -
Usually Breyer Decorator models; gold or blue in different
- H-R -
Hagen-Renaker, American ceramic horse manufacturer
- JAH -
Just About Horses magazine
- LB - Breyer's Little Bits; now known as
- LE - Limited Edition.
- A cleaning agent used to remove non-original finish paint
Limited Edition: A model released for a
limited period of time, usually one year (or six months in the case of the
- LP -
- LSASE -
Long or legal (#10) Self Addressed Stamped Envelope
- LSQ - Live
very few or no flaws.
Will stand up to a close, in-person examination.
Series - special run models sold through Toys "R" Us.
- MHSJ - Model
Horse Showers Journal. Hobby magazine published by collector Linda Walter.
No longer in production.
- MIB - Mint in box.
Model has no flaws that can be seen while it is still attached to its box.
- Mint - Perfect in every way, without scuff marks,
or manufacturer's flaws
- M/T - Mane and tail
- NAMHSA - North American Model Horse Showers
Association. See Clubs.
- NAN - North American Nationals, held
annually by NAMHSA. See Live Shows.
- NAN Qualified -
A horse that has won 1st or
2nd in a NAMHSA live show, qualifying it to enter the next NAN.
- NIB - New in box; just as it came from the
manufacturer, not necessarily mint
- NL -
Northlight, a model horse company
- NSH -
National Show Horse
- OF - Original Finish
- just as it came from the manufacturer, without repainting or other
- Old Mold -
Sometimes Breyer makes a slight
or significant change to an existing mold. Models made under the older mold
are sometimes referred to as "old mold." One example of this is the
- OOAK - One Of A
Kind - a model that is not from a run of similar models. Usually indicates a
test or a single model produced for a specific event such as the
BreyerFest live auction. Also sometimes used to
refer to customized models when the artist has not made other models using
the same mold and color pattern.
Oozing - when a model which has developed the "Vinegar
Syndrome" develops wet spots on its surface or a leakage from air holes
such as those in the nostrils. Bathing and air drying the model appears to
slow the process. Temperature and moisture are found to be the two main
factors in the rate of degradation.
- PAF -
Proud Arabian Foal
- PAM -
Proud Arabian Mare
- PAS -
Proud Arabian Stallion
- POA -
Pony of the Americas
Porcelain - Models made of a ceramic material that has been baked
in a kiln; china. Not made of Breyer's typical plastic and very breakable.
- PPD - Postage prepaid
- PS -
Peter Stone model
- PSQ - Photo
Show Quality; in good enough
condition to do well in photo shows, which can hide minor or off-side flaws.
- QH - Quarter Horse
- Rep - Repainted over the original color
- Model made from a casting material that solidifies into a form used by
sculptors. May sometimes be purchased from the sculptor painted or
unpainted, to be finished by the buyer as she/he chooses.
- Same as Discontinued. A model no longer being produced by Breyer. May still be
available through retailers for some time.
- R/H - Repainted
and haired. Largely outdated, replaced by Customized.
- R/R - Repainted
and remade. Largely outdated, replaced by Customized.
- RR - Regular Run,
or models available through regular retail outlets. As opposed to
Special Run (SR).
- R/R/H -
Repainted, remade, and haired.
Largely outdated, replaced by Customized.
- SAE - Self Addressed Envelope (no stamp)
- SASE - Self Addressed Stamped Envelope
- SB - Standardbred
- SCO -
- S/D -
- SHF -
Stock Horse Foal
- SHM -
Stock Horse Mare
- When a model which has lost mass due to oozing
begins to shrink unevenly and/or develop thin, warped legs. Warped legs may
be repairable but it's unknown for how long
this will last. Temperature and moisture are found to be the two main
factors in the rate of degradation. A sample can be found here.
- SHS -
Stock Horse Stallion
- SSHF -
Standing Stock Horse Foal
- SM -
Special Event -
An event sponsored by Breyer. May include
workshops, and/or special run models.
- A Breyer model available only through the Breyer online store or select retail or online stores, usually in limited quantities.
- SR - Special Run,
a model in limited release
- Sunshine Celebration - promotional event
held by Breyer in April, 2011.
- THHN - The Hobby Horse News magazine, now
- TB - Thoroughbred
- test run model made before production to determine exact
color and markings. Very few are made.
- Trad - Traditional;
the largest popular Breyer model series at 1:9 scale.
Treasure Hunt -
The purchase of a number of specified regular run
models entitled the collector to submit the UPC codes to Breyer and receive
a special model in return. The models varied each year and the hunt ran from
2006-2011. It's not known if it will return.
- TSC -
Supply Company, which sometimes sells special run models as well as
other Breyer models.
- T/U - touch up, small markings added or rubs/scratches retouched on an
otherwise OF model
- TWH - Tennessee Walking Horse
- USET -
United States Equestrian Team
Syndrome - when a model from the 1970s to late 1980s develops a
distinct vinegar-like odor. This is believed to occur because the plastic
used during this period is beginning to break down. It is followed by an "Oozing"
and a "Shrinking" phase. The majority of models
from this time period do not develop this problem. Temperature and moisture
are found to be the two main factors in the rate of degradation.
- WCHE - see
World Champion Horse Equipment
Warehouse Find -
OF models sold by Breyer via their website or at
BreyerFest, they are reissues of previous RR models with
few or no variations.
- Cornflower blue, intended to resemble Wedgewood porcelain. White manes and
tails, with white leg and face markings. See the Decorators page for examples.
Whiteware - unpainted leftover bodies from recent runs, offered
to collectors through Just About Horses, at
BreyerFest, to dealers, and at other venues.
These models have not been stripped of paint but rather never had it at all.
- Woodie - woodgrain.
Woodgrain - Breyer model painted to look
World Champion Horse Equipment
WCHE - former
name of a company that sold a series of Midnight Sun special runs,
now discontinued. Now
known online as eHorseEquipment.com,
Breyer models are sold.